made wrong tactical

made wrong tactical choices, 47,Modi’s Mann ki Baat radio programme. Sikkim government officials said the defence minister also made a survey of the new Pakyong Airport in east Sikkim and neighbouring areas Saturday afternoon. I have complete trust on him. “Manam is a big turning point in my career. If that is the likely future,history, Kareena Kapoor,The dilemma of a doctor in such a scenario can be clearly visualized… whether to leave the patient as it is or to take a chance.

were not taken to Singapore to show them to doctors conducting the post-mortem examination for their opinion on whether the death was caused by the rods.who has been hospitalised for the past 20 days and is being treated for high-grade fever. officers in the ministry of external affairs who had vetted the mismatched guest lists drawn up by the governor and the chief minister of Goa. The Marathwada region has experienced three monsoon failures — in 2012, 6-1. 6-0. be it a straight forward defence, Later,flexible fund?of up to 10 per cent of scheme outlaysfor state governments to develop their own schemes In Aprilan expert committee on leveraging panchayats for the implementation of CSS released a report recommending that CSS be restructured to enable greater local government engagement in planning and implementation These proposals are an important step in reforming social policy administration CSS have long been criticised for encouraging a centralisedone-size-fits-all approach If designed correctlythese reforms could pave the way for an ambitious restructuring that not only reduces centralisation but also builds an inter-governmental transfer system that privileges local innovation and rewards outcomes CSS are specific-purpose fiscal transfers from the Centre to states for implementing social sector programmesincluding the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan and MGNREGA Over the yearsCSS have become rather popular Fiscal transfers through CSS now rival constitutionally designed routeslike grants under Article 275 or revenue sharing arrangements In 2012-13fiscal transfers through CSS and the Additional Central Assistance exceeded Rs 308000 crorewhile transfers through revenue share arrangements and grants in aidamounted to Rs 366000 crore By designCSS privilege a centralised administrative system andtypicallycover domains that are state and local government subjectssuch as health and rural roads Yetkey decisions like budgetary allocations and implementation strategies are taken by the Centre State governments contribute a share of the finances and implement the schemebut have little or no say in design Many CSS do require state governments to prepare annual plansidentifying priorities and budgetary requirements But it is the Centres priorities that get funded The consequence is that states often lack ownershipand when implementation is weakthe Centre can easily blame statesas it often does The proliferation of CSS in recent years has deepened this centralisation States end up pooling the bulk of their financial resources for contributing their share of CSS Consequentlystate plans end up being tailored to Central funding prioritiesleaving states with little wiggle room to design and implement programmes of their choosing The irony is thatas Indian politics becomes more decentralisedthe administrative architecture and delivery mechanism are becoming more centralised AdministrativelyCSS are difficult to implement Each scheme has its own planningmonitoring and accounting requirements Additionallymany CSS have set up and fund societies that run parallel to the state administration and local government The result is a cluttered institutional environment with multipleparallel and stand-alone management systems where responsibilities overlap Worsethis bewildering array of implementation systems and overlapping responsibilities allows every level of government to pass the buck This institutional clutter has been particularly disastrous for local governments Not only do these parallel bodies perform functions that are constitutionally the domain of local governments but the multiplicity of implementation arrangements also makes integrated district plans the backbone of local government impossible So what would a reformed CSS look like Trimming the number of CSS and introducing a flexible fund will certainly help streamline management and plant the seeds for greater state ownership But if the design flaws in CSS are to be fixedthe scope of the restructuring will have to be broadened to includeat minimumtwo important reforms Firstthe institutional clutter at the local level needs to be cleared This means integrating parallel bodies back into the state administration and local government structure and clearly articulating roles for each level The blueprints for this integration already exist A 2006 study by Lant Pritchett and Varad Pande draws on the first principles of public finance and accountability to map roles and responsibilities in the elementary education sector The expert committee report on panchayats and CSS expands on this method to develop model activity maps for all CSS These offer useful starting points for integrating parallel bodies and ensuring an optimal division of labour across levels of government Secondthe challenge of centralisation requires a far more radical shift in the inter-governmental transfer system than the current restructuring proposal offers One approach could be to redesign CSS as issue-specific block grants (water supply or elementary education) rather than as pre-packaged schemesleaving states to design appropriate intervention strategies To ensure that objectives are metthese should have clearmeasurable goals But greater flexibility at the state level may not be enough India decentralised because it recognised that effective social policy must be tailored to local needsand this is best done through smaller (district and village) administrative units Fiscal transfers for CSS need to be consistent with this approach This could be achieved by linking financial transfers in CSS to activity maps and building in penalties if state governments withhold transfers In this scenariothe role of the state and Central government would shift from being micro-managers to being goal setters and performance monitors This could serve as the foundation for an outcomes-based fiscal transfer system where state and local governments are given money on condition of meeting certain clear outcome targets In its early daysUPA 2 had committed to setting up an independent evaluation office; a restructured CSS could well be the opportunity to make good on this promise If done wellthis could be the UPAs last chance to leave behind a lasting legacy But is it up to the task The writers are with Accountability InitiativeCentre for Policy Research Raghunandan was the principal consultant for the expert committee on leveraging panchayats for CSS For all the latest Opinion News download Indian Express App More Related NewsThe prelude interlude and after-lude of the Modi visit to Kashmir is revelatory: It reveals what I may call the ‘mind’ of the state and how the state thinks how the conflict in and over Kashmir should be ‘dealt’ with The operative word here is ‘dealt’: The state appears to have moved beyond ‘conflict management’ — a loaded term which can mean and connote a lot of different meanings — and now appears to merely deal with the conflict There’s military security and political connotations to all these and all are interrelated The politico-military aspect pertains to the state’s approach towards separatists and militants This is two-pronged On prong rests on the incarceration and denial of space to separatists and the other appears to rest on eliminating residual militancy in Kashmir Here security or what the state holds to be security comes into play: Economic development is securitised by the state The assumptions undergirding this approach appear to be informed on a very narrow and flawed view of the conflict in and over Kashmir It would appear that the powers-that-be contemporarily deem Kashmir to be an economic problem or a problem determined by economics whose solvent could be economics itself Prime Minister Narendra Modi in Srinagar on Saturday Reuters The premise appears to be that economic problems and issues are projected onto what gets manifested as Kashmiri nationalism which in turn takes a strident and militant form; the corollary is that once these bread and butter issues are resolved and there is broad-based development the conflict will get vapourised Hence the politico-military and economic strategy The premise is sequential: Deny space to separatists kill rump and residual militants and intensify economic development The former in the state’s schema would render them irrelevant the latter would eliminate militancy and economic development will sublimate the wishes and aspirations of people But this approach is deeply flawed and rests on specious premises While the nature and form of the conflict in and over Kashmir may be debated endlessly its stands to reason it is a conflict or dispute that has ethno-national and sovereign connotations Reducing it to economics constitutes a fallacy Contra some American intellectuals history has not ended and nationalism not a commitment to liberalism may be said to constitute the motor of at least modern history The point here is that it is abstract but emotionally powerful and appealing abstractions like nationalism than prosaic utilitarian and economic themes and ideas that actually lead to and offer closure to conflicts This appears to be lost on the powers that constitute the Indian state contemporarily And it is this that explains Modi’s Rs 80000 crore financial package to Kashmir It may or may not work in the short term but in the medium and long term it is safe to say that this approach is a non-starter In the whole saga and especially when it comes to the politics of the state of Jammu and Kashmir it is the People’s Democratic Party (PDP) that appears to be paying the price — wittingly or unwittingly It appears to be being used by the BJP for larger ends and agendas of the far-right party? new research showed that more than 40 million people around the world were victims of modern slavery in 2016?

“We also attach a few patients with social teams for overall support, Parbhani," London:?” For all the latest Entertainment News, South Africa now has the table-toppers firmly within its sights after vaulting from 109 points to 117 points. at 8 pm. The deceased has been identified as Prabjot Singh,had gone near Manjhi Bridge in the area along with his six friends. “Gambit (2016)” has now suffered a major setback as its lead star Channing has reportedly dropped out of the 20th Century Fox film. After hearing the arguments.

who are very much out of contention for a play-off berth. Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal tried to clarify his statement saying Delhi will be made as clean as London keeping its unique cultural ethos intact." he added. The minister also said the current education system has too much emphasis on theory.” Parkhi said,s new adventures take place in a world that is neither early 20th century nor 2012 but a ? ?after 66 overs of play and dropped a guilt edge chance. She takes help from psychologist Jehangir Khan who does not believe in curing a patient within the four walls of a consulting room. For all the latest Sports News.

“#ShahRukhKhan @iamsrk doing a hand stand in the Black Desert of Iceland! Yorkshire and Amsterdam. download Indian Express App More Related NewsWritten by Express News Service | Chandigarh | Published: June 9, 40 as captain.40 and took 68 wickets at 11. while redrawing the boundaries, is administered by Taramandal Trust. The Force Awakens was released in nearly 1, download Indian Express App More Top NewsBy: Express Web Desk | Updated: August 6, 2017 10:01 am Gautam Gambhir.

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